Integrating Behavioral Health Across the Continuum of Care
2012 Illinois Performance Excellence Bronze Award Integrating Behavioral Health Across the Continuum of Care Hospitals in Pursuit of Excellence Report April 2014
TRANSFORMING HEALTH CARE THROUGH RESEARCH AND EDUCATION 2012 Illinois Performance Excellence Bronze Award -Moving toward integration -Driving factors -Assessing the effectiveness
-Applying an integration framework -Strategic questions TRANSFORMING HEALTH CARE THROUGH RESEARCH AND EDUCATION Moving toward integration The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality definition for integrated care is: The care that results from a practice team of primary care and behavioral
health clinicians, working together with patients and families, using a systematic and cost-effective approach to provide patient-centered care for a defined population. This care may address mental health, substance abuse conditions, health behaviors (including their contribution to chronic medical illnesses), life stressors and crises, stress-related physical symptoms, and ineffective patterns of health care utilization. Moving toward integration Moving toward integration
Driving factors Demand for behavioral health services is increasing, and more evidence shows that integrated care with provisions to include behavioral treatment improves patient outcomes and reduces costs. 1. Increasing health coverage, including behavioral health 2. Decreasing the total cost of care 3. Managing the populations health Assessing the effectiveness
When behavioral health is integrated, hospitals and care systems can use several metrics to determine the true value of the integration. Assessing the effectiveness of an integration effort allows organizations to adjust and make changes as the effort unfolds. For example, hospitals and care systems should track readmissions, patient satisfaction, health outcomes and treatment adherence. Behavioral health and the Triple Aim Behavioral health and the Triple Aim
Behavioral health and the Triple Aim Applying an integration framework Integrating behavioral health into care delivery changes a care setting by:
Increasing providers knowledge, expertise and capacity Promoting understanding across the entire care continuum Providing more comprehensive and better coordinated care Identifying behavioral health concerns early Facilitating communication, collaboration and treatment between providers Allowing physical health providers to use the expertise of trained
behavioral health specialists Improving patient education and satisfaction Applying an integration framework The type, degree and nature of integration will vary by setting and should be used whenever appropriate for the care of the patient. Regardless of the settingprimary care, acute inpatient care, long-term (e.g., skilled nursing facility), outpatient, community, or emergency roomseveral key elements of behavioral health can be incorporated. Key elements to consider when moving toward integration are:
Standard behavioral health screening Unified treatment plans Actionable screening results
Protocol-based care delivery Common electronic health record Patient-centered care (treating mind and body) Applying an integration Strategic questions 1. Does your organization align behavioral health treatment with the Triple Aim? 2. Does your organization screen for behavioral health disorders in
the patient population? 3. Does your organization measure the cost and health outcomes resulting from the integration of physical and behavioral health services for your patient population? 4. Does your organization survey behavioral health needs as a consistent part of your community health needs assessment? 5. Does your organization have a process to assess the possible reorganization of care delivery to incorporate behavioral health? 6. Does your organization align resourcesclinicians, space, information technologyfor behavioral health across the
system? Additional strategic questions 1. Does your organization explore partnerships with behavioral health providers? 2. Does your organization use a patient-centered care model in each care delivery setting that incorporates behavioral health services? 3. Does your organization use unified treatment plans that include input from behavioral health and physical health staff? 4. Does your organization use behavioral health registries to track
patients? More information For additional information related to integrating behavioral health:
AHRQ Atlas of Integrated Behavioral Health Care Quality Measures (available at http://integrationacademy.ahrq.gov/atlas) AHRQ Lexicon for Behavioral Health and Primary Care Integration (available at http://integrationacademy.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/Lexicon.pdf) Integrated Care Resource Center (available at http://www.integratedcareresourcecenter.com/) Center for Advancing Health: Collaborative Care Teams Improve Mental Health Outcomes (available at http://www.cfah.org/hbns/2012/collaborative-care-teams-improvemental-health-outcomes)
HPOE Resources Resources: For information related to behavioral and mental health, visit www.hpoe.org and http://www.aha.org/psych. Suggested Citation: American Hospital Association (2014, February). Integrating behavioral health across the continuum of care. Chicago, IL: Health Research & Educational Trust. Accessible at: www.hpoe.org/integratingbehavioralhealth Contact: [email protected] 2014 Health Research & Educational Trust. All rights reserved. All
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