Human-Computer Collaboration

Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making Sylvain Bruni 03.17.08 Aptima 1 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni Personal Journey France 2 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni Background Education Research me dIngnieur (2004)

Neuro-Vestibular Adaptation to Incremental Electrical Engineering and Computer Exposure Science) to Centrifugation (September 04) . Aeronautics and Astronautics (2004) D. Aeronautics and Astronautics (2008) Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Support System for Command and Control (September 08) Keywords Human Factor Designgineering Advanced Interface Design, Information Management and Visualization Human-Computer Collaboration, Decision-Support Systems 3

Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni Family Portrait The Humans and Automation Laboratory Director Researchers Staff Missy Jill Mark Jake Doctoral Students Sylvain Carl Birsen

Sally Ping Master Students Yves Patricia Brian Anna Geoff Hudson Visiting Students Paul Undergraduate Students Andrew Javier LindleyJonathan Brian 4

Yale Gisele Other Ned Jason Jenny Tookie Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni HAL Projects Mobile Advanced Command and Control Station A C2 experimental testbed integrated in a vehicle for mo MACCS Tracking Resource Allocation Cognitive Strategies

TRACS A dynamic tool aimed at capturing operators cognitive s Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy HACT A revised information processing model for collaborative StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e Multi-UAV Path Planning for Emergent Target Scenario MUPPETS A multi-unmanned aerial vehicles mission replanning exp Research sponsored by the Office of Naval Research 5 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni MACCS 6

Mobile Advanced Command and Control Station A C2 experimental testbed integrated in a vehicle for mo Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni TRACS 7 Tracking Resource Allocation Cognitive Strategies A dynamic tool aimed at capturing operators cognitive s Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni HACT Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy A revised information processing model for collaborative Collaboration = Mutual engagement of agents in a coordinated and synchron problem based on a shared conception of it.

Data Acq. Decision-Making Process Action feasible solutions sensors data data analysis and requests selected solution final solution

solution elements evaluation integ. eval. veto solution implem entation sub-decisions The three fundamental roles Moderator Generator 8

Decider Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni HACT Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy A revised information processing model for collaborative The three fundamental roles Moderator Generator -2 Human only -2 Human only Decider

-2 Human only -1Mixed, but more human -1Mixed, but more human -1Mixed with Human Veto 0 Equally shared 0 Equally shared Equally 0 shared w/ Dual Vet Mixed, 1 but more automation Mixed,

1 but more automation Mixed 1 with Automation Vet 2 Automation only Interactivity 2 Automation only 2 Automation only Interactivity Information TransparencyInformation Transparency

Functional Transparency Functional Transparency Functional Transparency Adaptability 9 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni HACT Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy A revised information processing model for collaborative Moderator Generator Decider -2 0 Human only -1 3Mixed, but more human

0 5 Equally shared Mixed, 1 3 but more automation 2 0 Automation only Interactivity 0 2 Information Transparency 0 1 Functional Transparency 0 1 2

10 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e StrikeView Interface 1 (manual) 11 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e StrikeView Interface 2 (collaborative)

12 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e StrikeView Interface 3 (configural) 13 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e Performance Results 8

4 2 1 P PM Loiter PM High PM Medium PM Low 15 15 15 15 14 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e TRACS 15 Interface 3

Interface 3 Interfaces 1&3 Interface 2 Interface 2 Interface 2 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni StrikeView StrikeView A Tomahawk land attack missile strike mission planning e HACT Interface 1 (manual)Interface 2 (collaborative) Interface 3 (configural)

(M,G,D) = (-2,-1,-2) 16 (M,G,D) = (-2,0,-2) (M,G,D) = (-2,1,-2) Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni MUPPETS Multi-UAV Path Planning for Emergent Target Scenario A multi-unmanned aerial vehicles mission replanning exp MUPPETS Interface 1 (manual) 17 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni

MUPPETS Multi-UAV Path Planning for Emergent Target Scenario A multi-unmanned aerial vehicles mission replanning exp MUPPETS Interface 2 (collaborative) 18 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni MUPPETS Multi-UAV Path Planning for Emergent Target Scenario A multi-unmanned aerial vehicles mission replanning exp MUPPETS Interface 2 (collaborative) 19 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni MUPPETS

Multi-UAV Path Planning for Emergent Target Scenario A multi-unmanned aerial vehicles mission replanning exp MUPPETS Interface 3 (configural) 20 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni Thank you. Sylvain Bruni [email protected] 21 Collaborative Human-Computer Decision-Making - Sylvain Bruni

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