How to Cite Sources: Both Internally and on a Works Cited Page

Happy Tuesday! Phones up Journal #15 List these terms, give definitions, and examples Metaphor Simile Onomatopoeia Paradox Personification Lead-ins and

Citations Quotations/citations A quote is anything you pull from a source (magazine, book, website, newspaper, etc.) to use as evidence in your paper. A QUOTE IS NOT JUST SOMETHING SOMEONE SAYS IN A BOOK. EVERY QUOTE YOU USE MUST BE CITED IN YOUR PAPER!!!!

Underline/Italicize Always underline major works Anything you can go to a book store and buy Any work within a larger work you put quotation marks Movies=underline TV show=underline Episode = quotation marks We dont know what will be on the EOC, it may

just be passage A and passage B 3 Types of Quote Lead-ins Somebody says In Maggie Girl of the Streets Cranes character says, _________ Blended Lead-In Take you own words, put the quote in the middle and end with your words Cranes character uses the Irish dialect of, Give me deh can. See? which is a clear sign of Realism.

Sentence Lead-In Say what you want to say about the quote Stephen Crane in Maggie Girl of the Streets shows the Irish dialect of the New York neighborhood: Give me deh can. See? Internal Citations (citing sources within the body of your research paper) What does this look like? In a recent article in Time magazine, the

author states, Poverty is an issue that is on the rise with no signs of slowing down (Johnson 23). Red = Lead-In (circle on your notes) Blue = Parenthetical Documentation (underline on notes) Textual Evidence vs. Support from source Textual Evidence is evidence taken from your short story or poem that help support your claim that a

specific lens is used in the text. Lead-ins: All quotes must have a lead-in. Never drop a quote into a sentence or a paragraph without first introducing what the quote addresses. The lead-in should link the quote to what surrounds it in the context of the paragraph.

Different ways to use Information: Direct Quote Using the exact words or sentences from a source and putting it in our paper to support our argument. Paraphrasing Taking what others say and putting it into our own words. Unless this information is common knowledge, it still has to be cited.

Direct Quote Example: According to the critic Jensen Smith, Poe looks at life from a gruesome perspective because of the intense childhood he lived. And, while reading, The Black Cat, the reader can use the New Historicism lens to see this to be true by understanding Poes background and his struggle with alcoholism.

Ways to Cite internally: If you use the title or authors name in the lead-in, it is not needed in the parenthesis at the end. For example: According to authors name, What you are quoting. Ways to Cite internally: If you dont use the title or authors name in the lead-in, it

must be in the parenthesis. For example: What you are quoting (Authors Last Name). Citing sources on your Works Cited Page FORMATTING FOR THE WORKS CITED PAGE: WEBSITE Author Last, Author First. Title of Article. Website

Organization. Date Published. Web. Date Accessed. Example: Carlton, Joseph. Psychologist: How to balance career, children. CNN. 30 April 2002. Web. 17 March 2008. Note: Skip any information not available for your source. Reminders regarding your paper Never say I think or I believe. Even though it is your opinion, create

authority, by making confident statements. Remember, in an academic paper, they dont care what you believe. Its about what you can prove. Say things such as The Feminist lens can be seen by instead of I think the Feminist lens can be seen by Reminders regarding your paper Never say I or you in your paper. Instead replace both with the

reader. adds defends maintains Argues demonstrates objects aspires derives offers Assumes differs

presents believes disagrees reasons Calculates disputes remarks Challenges establishes shows claims exaggerates specifies Compares

feels stresses Concludes illustrates suggests Contends introduces questions Contrasts justifies

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