Home Alone: Determinants of Living Alone Among Older ...

HOME ALONE: DETERMINANTS OF LIVING ALONE AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS IN CANADA AND THE U.S. SHARON M. LEE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY POPULATION RESEARCH GROUP UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA BACKGROUND IMPORTANT TO STUDY LIVING ARRANGEMENTS OF ELDERLY RESIDENTIAL OPTIONS FOR OLDER PEOPLE INDEPENDENT LIVING ARRANGEMENTS LIVING ALONE (IF NOT PARTNERED/MARRIED)

LIVING WITH PARTNER ONLY (IF PARTNERED) RISE IN INDEPENDENT LIVING ARRANGEMENTS AMONG ELDERLY IN MANY COUNTRIES, INCLUDING CANADA MORE BACKGROUND GOING SOLO MORE PEOPLE ARE LIVING ALONE SINGLETONS (KLINENBERG, 2012) AGING ALONE BUT WHAT ABOUT OLDER IMMIGRANTS?

RESEARCH QUESTIONS ARE OLDER IMMIGRANTS LESS LIKELY TO LIVE ALONE, COMPARED TO NATIVE-BORN ELDERLY? WHAT ARE THE DETERMINANTS OF LIVING ALONE AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS IN CANADA AND THE U.S.? RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS NEGLECT OF OLDER IMMIGRANTS IN PUBLIC FORUMS AND RESEARCH ON AGING HIGHLIGHT LIVING ALONE AS A FORM

OF LIVING ARRANGEMENT AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS COMPARISON OF CANADA AND THE U.S. WHY COMPARE CANADA AND THE U.S.? VALUE OF COMPARATIVE RESEARCH THREE SIMILAR DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS: IMMIGRATION POPULATION AGING INCREASED ETHNIC AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DATA

2006 CENSUS OF CANADA PUMF 2006 AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY (ACS) PUMS NON-MARRIED ADULTS, AGED 55 AND OLDER SAMPLE SIZES: NON-MARRIED, 55 AND OLDER Canada Unweighte d Sample Size Weighted Sample Size

U.S. Canadian -born Foreign -born U.S.-born Foreignborn 50,054 17,894 273,185 27,573 1,851,99 8 662,078 24,721,32 3,100,07

9 3 VARIABLES BINARY OUTCOME VARIABLE: LIVING ALONE EXPLANATORY VARIABLES DEMOGRAPHIC ECONOMIC ACCULTURATION OTHER CONTROLS METHODS OF ANALYSIS

DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSES TWO SEPARATE LOGISTIC REGRESSIONS, ALL NONMARRIED ELDERLY, CANADA AND U.S. FOUR LOGISTIC REGRESSIONS, ALL NON-MARRIED ELDERLY CANADA/FEMALES CANADA/MALES U.S./FEMALES U.S./MALES FOUR LOGISTIC REGRESSIONS, NON-MARRIED OLDER IMMIGRANTS, FOR ABOVE FOUR GROUPS LIMITATIONS

CHALLENGES OF COMPARATIVE RESEARCH CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY CONCEPTUAL ISSUE MEASUREMENT ISSUE CENSUS AND ACS DATA LIMITATIONS DESCRIPTIVE RESULTS Descriptive Statistics of Samples Canada

U.S. Canadia n-born Foreig n-born U.S.born Foreignborn 70 71.2 70.7 70.1 % Divorced or Separated 33.9

30.1 36.6 34.5 % Widowed 47.8 56.3 49.1 50.5 Mean Years of Education 11.5 12.1

12.3 10.3 Mean Income 31,738 30,143 27,594 20,755 % Own Home 59.6 66.7 71.3 61.7

Mean Age Descriptive Statistics of Samples Canada U.S. Canadia n-born Foreig n-born U.S.born Foreignborn % Metropolitan Residence 58.5 86.4

73.1 93.8 % Single European origin 56.6 47.7 43.4 27.9 0.4 18.7 0.5 18.5

-- 1.0 3.4 32.1 % Single Asian origin % Single Latino origin Immigrant-specific Characteristics: Duration of Residence and Language Proficiency Canada U.S. 37.7 34.8

5.5 10.7 % with highest language proficiency 37.6 25.2 % with lowest language proficiency 14.6 18.9 Mean years of residence % with less than

10 years of residence Percent Living Alone, Non-married, 55 and Older Canada Native-born: 70.7 Immigrants: 54.8 Difference: 15.9 U.S. Native-born: 73.2 Immigrants: 51.7 Difference: 21.5 Native-born females: 70.7 Female immigrants: 52.4 Difference: 18.3 Native-born females: 70.6

Female immigrants: 47.3 Difference: 23.3 Native-born males: 70.6 Male immigrants: 61.0 Difference: 9.6 Native-born males: 78.8 Male immigrants: 64.1 Difference: 14.7 LOGISTIC REGRESSION RESULTS, ALL ELDERLY Descriptive and Adjusted Percents, Living Alone by Nativity 80 80 70 70

60 60 50 Nativeborn Foreignborn 40 30 50 40 30 20 20 10 10

0 0 Canada U.S. Nativeborn Foreignborn Canada U.S. Descriptive and Adjusted Percents Living Alone, Females and Males, Canada 80 80 70 70

60 60 50 Nativeborn Foreignborn 40 30 50 40 30 20 20 10 10

0 0 Females Males Nativeborn Foreignborn Females Males Descriptive and Adjusted Percents Living Alone, Females and Males, U.S. 90 90 80 80 70

70 60 60 Nativeborn Foreignborn 50 40 30 50 40 30 20 20 10 10

0 0 Females Males Nativeborn Foreignborn Females Males LOGISTIC REGRESSION RESULTS, OLDER IMMIGRANTS EFFECTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Predicted Proportion Living Alone by Age 1 Proportion Living Alone 0.9

0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 55 60 65 70 Age 75 Canada Females Canada Males United States Females

United States Males 80 85 Predicted Percent Living Alone by Marital Status, Females and Males, Canada Females 75 70 65 60 55 50 Males 75 70 65 60 55 50

Predicted Percent Living Alone by Marital Status, Females and Males, U.S. Females 60 Males 75 55 70 50 65 45 60 40 30

50 Se pa r D iv or at Ne ed ve rm ar ri ed W id ow ed

55 ce d 35 EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS Predicted Percent Living Alone by Education, Females and Males, Canada Females 75 70 65 60 55 50 Males 80 75

70 65 60 55 50 Predicted Percent Living Alone by Education, Females and Males, U.S. Females 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 Males 80 75 70 65 60 55

50 Predicted Proportion Living Alone by Income 1 P roportion Living A lone 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 10 20

30 40 50 60 Income (in $1,000s) Canada Females Canada Males United States Females United States Males 70 80 90 100 Predicted Percent Living Alone by Homeownership, Females and Males,

Canada Males Females 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 Don't Own Home Own Home 80 75 70 65 60 55

50 45 40 35 30 Don't Own Home Own Home Predicted Percent Living Alone by Homeownership, Females and Males, U.S. Males Females 70 60 65 55

60 50 55 50 45 45 40 40 35 30 Don't Own Home Own Home 35 30 Don't Own Home

Own Home EFFECTS OF ACCULTURATION CHARACTERISTICS Predicted Percent Living Alone by Language Proficiency, Females and Males, Canada Males Females 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 75 70 65 60

55 50 Predicted Percent Living Alone by Language Proficiency, Females and Males, U.S. Males Females 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 75 70 65 60 55 50

Predicted Proportion Living Alone by Duration of Residence 1 P roportion Living A lone 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 5 10 15

20 25 Duration of Residence (in years) Canada Females Canada Males United States Females United States Males 30 35 40 DISCUSSION RESEARCH QUESTION 1 ARE OLDER IMMIGRANTS LESS LIKELY TO LIVE ALONE THAN NATIVE-BORN ELDERLY?

RESEARCH QUESTION 2 WHAT ARE THE DETERMINANTS OF LIVING ALONE AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS? FURTHER DISCUSSION OF THREE FINDINGS EFFECTS OF AGE EFFECTS OF MARITAL STATUS EFFECTS OF GENDER DIFFERENT EFFECTS OF AGE POSITIVE FOR CANADA

NEGATIVE FOR THE U.S. SHARPER FOR FEMALES, BOTH CANADA AND THE U.S. MARITAL STATUS EFFECTS WIDOWS/WIDOWERS ARE NOT THE MOST LIKELY TO LIVE ALONE MARITAL DISRUPTION DUE TO DIVORCE IS STRONGER DETERMINANT NEVER-MARRIED ARE ALSO MORE LIKELY THAN WIDOWS TO LIVE ALONE

GENDER EFFECTS MEN, NOT WOMEN, ARE MORE LIKELY TO LIVE ALONE SIMILAR IN CANADA AND THE U.S. CONCLUSION LIVING ALONE IS NOT UNCOMMON AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS LIVING ALONE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ADVANTAGEOUS CHARACTERISTICS

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS HOME ALONE: DETERMINANTS OF LIVING ALONE AMONG OLDER IMMIGRANTS IN CANADA AND THE U.S. SHARON M. LEE UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA [email protected] Highest and Lowest Predicted Percents Living Alone, Ethnic Groups Canada Females Korean: 69.0 % Filipino: 32.7 %

Males Canadian: 81 % Latin American: 37.7 % U.S. Females French: 66.8 % Asian Indian: 33 % Males American: 87.5 % Filipino: 48.5 %

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • CIGNA's Healthcare Leadership Program - GKEN

    CIGNA's Healthcare Leadership Program - GKEN

    Global Knowledge Exchange Network Overview * Global Knowledge Exchange Network Vision: The Global Exchange will become the recognized neutral venue for evaluating and promoting better practices in achieving cost-effective health outcomes from across developed and developing nations.
  • Overview of Social Epidemiology - med.uottawa.ca

    Overview of Social Epidemiology - med.uottawa.ca

    Life-course human development view Health is a consequence of multiple deficits Health is an interaction between living context and bio-behavioral regulatory systems Personal health trajectories reflect the effect of many exposures; these cumulate over time The timing and sequence of...
  • T Cell Development - University of Vermont

    T Cell Development - University of Vermont

    Word/Terms List Class switching Clonal deletion Naïve B cells Stromal cells TD antigens TI antigens B Cell Development Maturation-Stem cells to mature, naïve B cells Activation-Ag binding; initiation of cell changes Differentiation-Cell division and changes into effector B cells (plasma...
  • Dialogue for Building Communion in The Mission

    Dialogue for Building Communion in The Mission

    Ethnorelativism refers to relativity of cultural values. Here what is acceptable is not judged basing on one's own culture, but made on the criteria of transcend cultural values. It refers to the empirical observation that cultures differ. It therefore helps...
  • Introduction

    Introduction

    Define how sexual harassment relates to discrimination in the workplace. Promote a working environment that actively discourages the occurrence of sexual harassment. Goals. ... Common Courtesies. ...
  • Senior Parent Night Class of 2019 - PC\|MAC

    Senior Parent Night Class of 2019 - PC\|MAC

    Financial Aid. FAFSA. Opens Oct. 1st of Senior Year. US Citizen or Permanent Resident. Parent/Student Info (Social Security numbers, dates of birth, etc) Parent/Student Taxes (if applicable) Due March 2nd. Dream Act. Opens Oct. 1st of Senior Year. DACA or...
  • 15thNational Nuclear Physics Summer School June 15-27, 2003

    15thNational Nuclear Physics Summer School June 15-27, 2003

    15thNational Nuclear Physics Summer School June 15-27, 2003 Nuclear Structure Erich Ormand N-Division, Physics and Adv. Technologies Directorate Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Videos in anatomie Hoe effectief in te zetten?

    Videos in anatomie Hoe effectief in te zetten?

    Videos and knowledge clipsThe Why, What & How from a didactic viewpoint. Jan Hensgens, Maryam Asoodar & Ilse Sistermans. Maastricht Universiteit . [email protected]