HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome HIV/AIDS HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS-Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Normal: T-Cell Count of 800-1200 cells/mm3 Low: T-Cell Count of 650-800 cells/mm3

Early HIV: T-Cell Count of 450-650 cells/mm3 Late HIV: T-Cell Count of 201 450 cells/mm3 AIDS: T-Cell Count of 200 or fewer cells/mm3 Symptoms Early HIV: flu-like symptoms

Cough Cold Headaches Malaise (tired feeling, not wanting to do anything) Skin Rash Acute Retroviral Syndrome: The explosion of early symptoms from HIV

Symptoms Late HIV symptoms: short-term memory loss Shingles (virus causing a painful rash) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) in women Symptoms AIDS ARC (AIDS-Related Complications)

Pneumonia Encephalitis (brain inflammation) causing brain rotting and verbal babbling Toxoplasmosis: parasitic disease (common in cats) Kaposis Sarcoma (KS): skin cancer Cytomegalovirus: infections of the retina Causes & Passing of the Virus Passed in fluids: semen, blood, vaginal fluids, breast milk, anal fluid (mucus that lines the rectum)

These 5 fluids MUST be kept out of mouth, cuts/openings in the skin, anus, genitals Not passed in saliva, urine, sweat, tears, hugging hand shakes, at the gym, pools Passed in methods: anal/vaginal/oral sex, transfusions/needles, birth/breast feeding Not passed through kissing, mosquito bites Names Prior to HIV Gay Pneumonia

Gay Cancer GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency) HIV sufferers may or may not get AIDS. Those who show no symptoms for a long time are known as Long-Term Non-Progressors. Those who have AIDS are terminally ill. Growing Groups of AIDS Sufferers Upper-middle class females in their teens and twenties

Young men Gay men The elderly Children are no longer a growing group. Science of the Virus HIV is a retrovirus which means that it replicates itself in the system and attaches itself to the cells. There has never been a cure for a retrovirus.

CD4: Helper-T cells (alarm) CD8: Killer cells CCR5: HIV attaches to this enzyme Testing for AIDS & Scope of the Virus 2 tests must be done, both blood tests. One must be done 6 months after the other with no risky behavior in between. If both are negative, then the person does not have HIV.

2015 - 38,500 Americans diagnosed with HIV 2016 18,160 Americans diagnosed with AIDS 1.2 million infections in the USA, 600,000 deaths (110/55 per day) 72 million infections world-wide, 36 million deaths (4,400/2,200 per day) Today, AIDS is most prominent in Africa.

Important Dates Early 1920s: HIV originated in Sub-Saharan Africa 1969-1970: HIV brought to New York City by Haitian immigrant (proven through DNA) 1977: Disease is first found in Denmark, but not named yet 1978: Disease spreads through parts of Europe, especially France

Dates Contd 1981: Disease spreads through the USA, especially in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chicago, & New York 1983: AIDS is first given its name at the CDC Blood Bank meetings by Dr. Vellnor 1983 (October): HIV is isolated & found in the labs 1984 (April): HIV is announced to the public 1985: Blood banks are asked to begin testing for the virus

1991: Magic Johnson is diagnosed with HIV, making the disease well known world-wide. Important People Don Francis: CDC Researcher who dedicated his life to fighting the virus and finding a cure. Had previously worked on Ebola & Hepatitis B. Bill Kraus: Gay politician with direct ties to Washington D.C. who fought for gay rights and against homophobia.

Bill Darrow: CDC Researcher who discovered that HIV was sexually transmitted by linking 40 cases over 10 cities back to Patient Zero. People Harold Jaffe: CDC worker who discovered that HIV was passed through the blood stream Dale Lawrence: CDC worker who also discovered that HIV was passed through the blood stream Marco Conant: Dr. who secretly treated many

AIDS patients despite prejudice and loss of other patients. Mary Guinan: CDC worker who assisted Don Francis with finding the virus. People Jim Curran: CDC boss who argued with Don Francis due to politics and finances. Gaetan Dugas: previously referred to as Patient Zero- gay flight attendant who supposedly brought HIV into the U.S. in recent

years, DNA has exonerated him he is NOT Patient Zero Selma Dritz: straight politician who fought HIV and fought for gay rights. Luc Montagnier: French researcher who also worked on discovering AIDS Bob Gallo: U.S. scientist who worked for the National Cancer Institute who worked on AIDS and discovered Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus (HTLV) Relationship between AIDS & Leukemia

2 kinds of leukemia: HTLV I (lethal) & HTLV II (non-lethal) When Gallo discovered that 2 of his patients also had AIDS, he became interested and wanted to link AIDS & leukemia, thereby calling the virus HTLV III (1st name for HIV). Gay Bath House Controversy Gay Bath Houses: Place where gay people anonymously went to have sex, similar to a

brothel. Infections sky rocketed due to gay bath houses but politicians did not want to shut them down. The vocal minority of gay people did not want them shut down either as it was their expression of sexual freedom. Hemophilia & AIDS Hemophiliacs blood does not clot. They need blood clotting mechanisms. Factorate is a

blood clotting mechanism that allows blood to clot. It is donated blood from thousands of people that is chemically altered. Hemophiliacs had increased infections rate due to blood donations. 89% of hemophiliacs who received blood got infected. HPV Human Papillomavirus 109 known strains of HPV, about 30 of which are sexually

transmitted strains #6 and #11 cause most warts, strains #16 and #18 cause cancer CDC now recommends that 11 to 12-year-olds get two doses of HPV vaccine. The 2nd dose should be given 6-12 months after the 1st dose. These vaccinations significantly decrease the patients chances of getting cancer caused by HPV. Definition of HPV HPV is the most common sexually transmitted

infection (STI). Its different from Herpes or HIV. HPV is spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has it, and is more likely to be spread through vaginal and anal sex than oral sex. Health Problems Often goes away on its own and doesnt cause any health problems.

If HPV doesnt go away, it causes genital warts and can cause cancer. 25% of American males have cancer-causing HPV 7-10% of American adults carry HPV in throat due to oral sex Lowering Risks 1. Get vaccinated at ages 11-12. 2. Catch-Up vaccinations are offered for males up to age 21 and for females up to age

26. Its especially recommended for those with compromised immune systems (HIV, etc.). Scope of HPV 79 million are infected with HPV 14 million new infections per year 1% of sexually active adults in the U.S. have genital warts at any given time 25% of men, 20% of women have genital HPV 11,000 women in the U.S. get cervical cancer each year

18,000 women and 9,000 men are affected by cancers caused by HPV every year Treatment Genital warts can be treated with prescription medication. If untreated, they will grow in size and number. Cervical cancer is treatable, especially if caught early.

HIV/AIDS Essay Using the movie as a guide, trace the history of the AIDS virus starting out from its earliest days and moving towards the present day. Include how the virus came to America, the most significant people involved, and where the virus is today. Also, include any relevant statistics in regards to the virus.

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