Development of TCM Internal Medicine - Acupuncture People

Hypochondriac pain Hypochondrial pain indicates pain under rib-cage on both sides or one side only. It is always related to a liver disharmony. Etiology & Pathology 1. Liver Qi Stagnation: 2. Blood Stasis 3. Dampness & Heat ( In Liv. & GB. ) 4. Liver Yin Def. 5. Fluid retention in hypochondium 6. Shao Yang meridian disease Main Points for differentiation 1. Excess Stagnation of Liver Qi Stasis of Blood Damp-Heat in the liver & GB

2. Deficiency Liver Yin Def. Liver Blood Def. 3. Exterior and interior 4. Cold and Heat 5. Qi or Blood Hypochondrial Stomachache Chest Pain Area Hypochondrium on one or two sides Stomach area Behind the sternum of leftanterior of the chest, or

involving left hypochondrium and left shoulder & arm Character Distending or stabbing pain, vague pain, burning or colic pain; with preference for changing body position at sever pain Distension & fullness, stabbing pain, mass in the abdomen, preference for pressing in def. case, and tenderness for excess type Fullness as main, dislike to change body position at pain

Co-Sym. Mass in the hypochondrium, Vomiting, nausea, acid regurgitation Short breathing, oppressed feeling in chest, cold limbs, palpitation Cause Affection by exopathogen, diet, seven emotional factors Diet, emotion, affection by cold Overeating, emotional

fluctuation Medical History Disease of Liver & GB. Disease of Sp. & St. Disease of heart Radiating Right shoulder & Back Back Left shoulder & back Treatment 1). Liver Qi Stagnation: Signs & Symptoms:

Main Sym. : Mainly distending pain in hypochondrium area which is clearly related to the emotional state Concurrent sym.: often complicated by distension and fullness in the stomach, oppressed feeling in chest, frequent belching & sighing, slight breathlessness, poor apppetite Tongue: thin fur Pulse: wiry Treatment Protocol: Smoothing & regulating the liver Qi Formula: Chai Hu Shu Gan San Chai Hu Bai shao Zhi ke Zhi Gan Cao

Chen Pi Xiang Fu Chuan xiong Modifications: Pain is predominant -- Qing Pi, Yan Hu Suo Qi stag. turning to fire -- Mu Dan Pi, Zhi zi, Huang Lian, Chuan Lian Zi ( reduce Chuan Xiong & the dosage of Xiang Fu ) Qi stag. turning to fire and with yin def. -- Dan Shen, Shou Wu, Gou Qi zi, Mu Dan Pi, Zhi Zi, Ju Hua Diarrhea & abdomen pain -- Bai Zhu, Fu Ling, Yi Yi Ren, Bai Bian Dou Invading St. causing nausea -- Xuan Fu Hua, Dai Zhe shi, Ban Xia, Sheng Jiang Treatment 2). Blood Stasis Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Stabbing pin in rib range with a fixed part,

and worse at night. Concurrent sym.: feeling of a mass on palpation, Tongue: purple Pulse: deep & uneven Treatment Protocol: Removing blood & eliminate the stasis Smooth the liver Qi Formula: Chai Hu Shu Gan Tang Chai Hu Bai Shao Zhi Ke Chuan Xiong Yu Jin

Yan Hu Suo Zhi Gan Cao Chen Pi Xiang Fu Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang Dang Gui Shen Di Tao Ren Hong Hua Cai Hu Gan Cao Jie Geng

Chuan xiong Modifications: Constipation -- Da Huang Mass -- San Leng, E Zhu, Di Bie Chong Stop Pain -- Xuan Hu Suo Moving Blood open the meridian -- Qian Cao Zhi Ke Chi Shao Treatment 3). Damp-heat in Liv. & GB. Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Dull hypochondrial pain & fullness

Concurrent sym.: a feeling of heaviness, a sticky taste, nausea, yellow sclera, dark urine Tongue: sticky-yellow coating Pulse: slippery & rapid Treatment Protocol: Clear heat Resolve dampness Smooth the liver Qi Formula: Long Dan Xie Gan Tang Long Dan Cao Chai Hu Ze xie Shen Di Huang Qin Zhi Zi

Mu tong Che Qian Zi Dan Gui Modifications: Spleen Def.: -- Bai Zhu, Fu Ling Gall stones -- Jin Qian Cao, Hai Jin Sha, Yu Jing Severe Rib pain -- Jin Ling Zi Powder ( Jing Ling Zi, Yan Hu Suo) Dampness -- Yin Chen hao, Huang Bai Treatment 4). Liver Yin Deficiency Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : slight hypochondrial pain

Concurrent sym.: dryness of throat & eyes, skin & hair, tiredness, poor memory, insomnia, depression, scanty periods, dizziness, tidal fever, night sweating, Tongue: reddish body with less coating Pulse: fine, wiry & rapid Treatment Protocol: Nourishing Liver Yi Formula: Yi Guan Jian Sha Shen Mai Dong Dang Gui Sheng Di Gou Qi Zi Modifications:

enhance the liver Qi moving -- Rose, He Huan Hua Irritability -- Suan Zhao Ren, Zhi Zi Chuan Lian Zi Case History 1 1. male 65 years First visiting: Main complain: abdominal pain for 2 years & hypochondial pain 4 m Stomachache repeatedly, abdominal fullness or burning sensation, combined with right Hypochondrial pain, tiredness, bitter taste and yellow urination, nausea, loose stools, bad appetite Tongue: light yellow coating, little greasy in the center Pulse: fine & wiry TCM diagnose: Damp heat in St. & Liver Treatment protocol: -- Clear away heat & dampness -- Harmonize liver & St. Formula:

Tai Zi Shen 12, Lian Qiao 12, Huang Qin 12, Sang Ji Shen 30, Bai Hua She She Cao 30, Liu Yi San 30, Cai Hu 10, Bai Shao 10, Dang Gui 10, Huo Xiang 6, Bo He 6, Dou Kou 3, San Qi 6 Case History 2 1. Female 51 years First visiting: Main complain: Right upper abdomen & rib area pain With vomiting, nausea, sweating, blue yellow face color, loose stools, dark urination, bad appetite & distension of abdomen. Western Medicine doctor diagnosed as cholecystitis . Tongue: yellow greasy coating, red on both sides of the body Pulse: wiry & slippery TCM diagnose: Liver & GB. Qi stag & turning to heat Treatment protocol: -- Soothing the liver & GB Qi -- Clear away liver & GB. heat Formula: Jing Yin Hua 15, Lian Qiao 10, Zao Xiu 9, Jing Qian Cao 45g, Ji Nei Jing 9. Cai Hu 12, Yu Jin 12, Shi Chang Pu 9, Bai Shao12, Wu Ling Zhi 9, Mo Yao 3, X14 bags

Case History 2 1. Female 51 years Second visiting: Main complain: Right upper abdomen & rib area pain pain is getting better, greasy coating disappeared, appetite & sleeping are better too, stools & urination are normal too. Tongue: normal Pulse: wiry Formula: Cai hu 10, Bai Shao12, Jing Ying Hua 30, Huang qin 9, Ban Xia 9, Fu Ling 12, Long Dan cao 9, Xiang Fu9, Ji Nei Jing 9, Mo Yao 4, Bai Zhu 10, Yi Mu Cao 15, Bai Hua she she cao 15 Case History 3 1. Female 34 years First visiting: Main complain: Chronic hypochondriac pain for 3 years bad appetite, abdomen distension after meal, hiccup, dont like greasy food, bitter taste, having no desire for drinking, irritability, dizziness, dark urine, tiredness

Tongue: yellow greasy coating, red on both sides of body Pulse: deep, wiry & slippery TCM diagnose: Liver & GB. Qi stag + damp heat Spleen Def. Treatment protocol: -- clearing the damp-heat -- soothing the liver Qi -- Tonify Spleen Formula: Dang Gui 12, Bai Shao 12, Fu Ling 24, Bai Zhu 9, Zhi Zi 9, Dan Pi 12, Cai Hu 9, Yu Jing 9, San Leng 9, E Zhu 9, Mei Gui Hua 9, Chuan Lian Zi 9, Bie Jia 30, Long Dan Cao 9, Bo He Ye 9, Ji Nei Jing 6, Yin Chen Hao 12, Huang Bai 9, Gan Cao 6 X58 bags Case History 3 1. Female 34 years Second visiting: Main complain: appetite increased, rib pain stopped, feel the energy is also coming back, Tongue: Normal

Pulse: wiry & fine Formula: Herb Reduced: Zhi Zi, Long Dan Cao, Huang Pai, Dosage reduced: Sang Leng, E Zhu Add: Dang Shen, Shan Yao X 60 Case History 4 1. Male 35 years First visiting: Main complain: Right rib area burning pain for 7 month Tiredness & weakness, bad appetite, dry mouth & throat, dark urination. Treated by clear away damp-heat herbs, no working. Tongue: Deep red body color, with white greasy coating Pulse: fine wiry & rapid TCM diagnose: Liver Qi stag & turning to heat Liver Yin def. + Spleen def. Treatment protocol: -- Soothing the liver Qi -- Clear away liver heat -- Tonify the Liver Yin & harmonize the maridian Formula:

Huo Xiang 5, Zhi Shi 5, Yin Chen 12, Fu Ling 10, Bai Zhu 10, Che Qian Zi 10, Dan Pi 6, Zhi Zi 6, Shi Hu12, Bai Shao 10, Gan Cao 3 X 30 bags Case History 5 1. Male 39 y First visiting: Main complain: Chronic hepatitis for 6 years Pain on both sides of hypochondriac area repeatedly occurred. Distension of abdominal area; Bad appetite, hiccup, bowels movement sound, loose stools. Every time, after the treatment, patient feel better, however, sym. Happened again after hard working. Treated by Cai Hu Shu Gan San, no working, Tongue: Big fat body with greasy coating Pulse: empty slow & weakness TCM diagnose: Sym. Of Ban Xia Xie Xin tang Treatment protocol: Formula: Ban Xia 9, Huang Lian 9, Gan Jiang 6, Zhi Gan Cao 6, Dang Shen 9, Da Zhao 4

Jaundice What is Jaundice? Jaundice is a disease and syndrome, marked mainly by yellow in eyes, the body and urine. Three parts: -- Yang Jaundice -- Yin Jaundice -- Acute Jaundice Etiology & Pathology 1. Etiology: External pathogens ( acute jaundice ) -- Damp Heat -- Fulminant pathogens Due to improper diet Tiredness & Exhaustion Gallstones Abdominal Mass ( Blood Stasis ) 2. Pathology Dampness Spleen & Stomach, Liver & GB. Differentiation

Yang Jaundice Yin Jaundice Causes Damp-heat & exopathogens Cold-dampness & Def. of Sp., St. Yellow Fresh yellow like orange Dark like smoking Syndromes Excess & heat syn. Def. syn. or Cold sym. With Sp. Def. complicated with excess sym.

State Generally, mild in most case Severe in most case Treatment Clearing away heat & dampness, Strengthen the spleen and worming & dispelling colddampness Treatment I . Yang Jaundice 1). Heat over dampness: Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Yellow body & eyes, orange-like fresh yellow, with brightness, and scanty dark urine.

Concurrent sym.: often fever & thirsty, restlessness, fullness of abdomen, nausea, dry mouth, and bitter taste, constipation. Tongue: yellow greasy coating Pulse: wiry & rapid Treatment Protocol: Clear away heat Eliminating dampness Formula: Yin Chen Hao Tang Yin Chen Hao Zhi Zi Da Huang Modifications: Constipation -- Zhi Zi Da Huang Tang Promote urination -- Zhu Ling, Fu Ling, Che Qian Zi, Hua Shi Nausea, vomiting

-- Huang Lian, Zu Ru Pain on the right rib area -- Cai hu, Yu Jing, Chuan Lian Zi, Yan Hu Suo Fullness in the chest & nausea -- Hua Xiang, Pei Lan Feel noise in the stomach area -- Hou Pu, Yu Jin irritability -- Huang Lian, Zhi Zi Treatment I. Yang Jaundice 2). Dampness over heat Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Yellow body and eyes, with no so bright yellow as that in heat sym. Concurrent sym.: No high fever, heaviness of head, tastelessness, with no thirst, fullness in the chest & the stomach, anoresia, distension in abdomen, aversion to greasy food, nausea, loose stools. Tongue:

thick greasy yellow coating, Pulse: wiry & slippery; weak & slow Treatment Protocol: Eliminating dampness Clear away heat Formula: Yin Chen Wu Ling San Yin Chen Hao Gui Zhi Bai Zhu Fu Ling Zhu Ling Ze Xie Modifications: Dampness -- Ping Wei San ( CangZhu, HouPu, ChenPi, Gan Cao,

Sheng Jiang, Da Zhao ) Clear Heat toxic -- Lian Qiao, Jing Yin Hua, Da Qin Ye Coma -- An Gong Niu Huang Wan Cool Blood -- Ce Bai Ye, Di Yu Scanty urine -- Mu Tong, Hua Shi, Bai Mao Geng, Che Qian Zi, Da Fu Pi Treatment 3). Acute Jaundice Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Sudden & acute attack, jaundice rapidly become darkness, gold-like color Concurrent sym.: High fever & excessive thirst, hypochondrial pain & abdominal fullness, coma & delirium, or nose bleeding, blood in the stool, Tongue: bright red body with yellow & dry coating

Pulse: wiry, slippery & rapid; fine, rapid Treatment Protocol: Clear heat Clear away toxic material Removing blood heat Formula: Xi Jiao San Xi Jiao Huang Lian Zhi Zi Sheng Ma Yin Cheng Modifications: Spleen Def.: -- Bai Zhu, Fu Ling Gall stones -- Jin Qian Cao, Hai Jin Sha, Yu Jing

Severe Rib pain -- Jin Ling Zi Powder ( Jing Ling Zi, Yan Hu Suo) Dampness -- Yin Chen hao, Huang Bai Treatment II. Yin Jaundice 4). Spleen yang Deficiency Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Dark yellow skin color Concurrent sym.: aversion to cold, no appetite, fullness in the stomach, loose stools, tastelessness & no thirst. Tongue: Pale body with white greasy coating Pulse: weak & slow or deep & rapid Treatment Protocol: Strengthen the Sp. & regular the St. Qi Warming & removing cold-dampness

Formula: Yin Chen Zhu Fu Tang Yin Chen Hao Bai Zhu Fu Zi Gan Jiang Zhi Gan Cao Modifications: release dampness -- Fu Ling, Ze Xie Thick coating, distension of abdomen -- Cang Zhu, Hou Pu Itching skin -- Qin Jiao, Di Fu Zi Spleen Yang Def. -- Fu Zi, Gang Jiang, Wu Zhu Yu Blood stasis -- Gui Zhi, Zi Su Mu

Rou Gui Treatment II. Yin Jaundice 5). Blood Stasis Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Dark yellow body & eyes Concurrent sym.: vascular spider in the skin, darkish complexion, mass in hypochondrium with fixed pain, black stool. Tongue: Green & purple body with ecchymosis Pulse: wiry & uneven or fine & uneven Treatment Protocol: Promoting circulation of blood Removing blood stasis Eliminating jaundice Formula: Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang Wu Ling Zhi

Dang Gui Chuan xiong Tao Ren Hong Hua Dan Pi Chi Shao Wu Yao Yan Hu Suo Gan Cao Xiang Fu Zhi Ke Modifications:

Smooth liver Qi -- Xiao Yao San Sp Def. -- Liu Jun Zi Tang Treatment II. Yin Jaundice 6). Spleen & Blood Def. Signs & Symptoms: Main Sym. : Yellow eyes and skin, pale and dim complexion, dark urine Concurrent sym.: mental tiredness & weakness, lassitude in limbs, palpitation and shortness of breath, anorexia and loose stool, restlessness in night Tongue: pale & thin body Pulse: fine & weak Treatment Protocol: Strengthening spleen Warming middle jiao

Nourishing Qi & Blood Formula: Xiao Jian Zhong Tang Gui Zhi Bai Shao Gan Cao Sheng Jiang Da Zhao Yi Tang Modifications: Qi Def. -- Huang Qi, Dang Shen Blood def. -- Dang Gui, Shu di, E Jiao, Han Lian Cao Yang Def. -- Rou Gui, Gan Jiang

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