Creating Intellectual Space The Complete Shakespeare Company All the plays in 59 minutes then all again in 1 minute OR, How I found something about
which to write a doctoral thesis. Are you finding it difficult to discover a unique topic for your research? Are you finding it difficult to sustain your interest in the
topic you have chosen because you do not believe it is original? Intellectual space, that piece of the landscape no one else has discovered yet; the idea that will give your research true originality, IS NOT RARE it is everywhere -
in this room outside on the streets in our classrooms above all in language It can be found everywhere, anywhere, because we can CREATE it !. How? By applying a deconstructive approach to understanding
the world. For Derrida: A community of the question... Philosophy is: within the fragile moment when the question is not yet determined enough for the hypocrisy of an answer to have already initiated itself beneath the mask of the question,
and not yet determined enough for its voice to have been already and fraudulently articulated within the very syntax of the question. A community of decision, of initiative, of absolute initiality, but also a threatened community, in which the question has not yet found the language it has decided to see, is not yet sure of its own possibility within the community. A community of the question about the possibility of the question
(Derrida, 2001: 99)." Ask Real Questions We can open intellectual space everywhere by asking real questions. Real questions interrogate the obvious and expose our
assumptions about how the world is constructed. In revealing our assumptions we can challenge and transform them. I asked, "What is curriculum?" Curriculum appears as an obvious concept
that teachers mostly take for granted. When I honestly asked this question I realized I did not know what a curriculum was even though I was writing a term paper about it! Etymology of "Curriculum" The meaning of a word is a socially agreed construct. Etymology is a history
of the formation of such an agreement. Whilst the meaning of a word shifts according to social practices its meaning potential is embedded in its history its etymology. currere - (inf.) to traverse a course
(process); (n.) trajectory of the course that is run (product), conflated with Greek 'syllabus' (misspelling of syttibos (content). cle - suffix meaning either the means by which the verb is achieved or the place in which it occurs. The Space
Opened The Latin infinitive of currere - the student's perspective on the learning process, the nominative - the observer's perspective, conflated with the Greek syllabus - the content; and the meansends symbiosis indicated in the Latin suffix 'cle' are all discussed in the literature to some extent BUT...The place meaning potential of the suffix is almost totally ignored especially in TESOL
curriculum literature. WHY? Why Classroom TESOL? TESOL is assumed to 'take place' in the classroom.
What is the reason for this assumption? How does the classroom differ from other places of language learning? What are the consequences? How could I dis-cover the properties of TESOL classrooms and compare them to the properties of other TESOL places of
learning? I decided to select 15 successful nonmother tongue users of English and simply let them reflect aloud to me on their learning stories. I was sure both classroom and other places would emerge. METHODOLOGY Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) CDA would enable me to expose the assumptions participants were making about
the nature of the classroom and other places that emerged. Bifurcation of Classroom and Real-Life World All participants bifurcated their classrooms from their experience of their real life worlds. It became clear that for them the classroom was a magic womb as Illich described decades ago in De-Schooling Society (1970).
5 features bifurcating classroom & community 1. Metonymical clusters (lexis) 2. Choice of transitivity processes 3. Modalization especially quasi modal have to 4. Grammatical metaphor 5. Loss of Actor role within the tripartite
subject Metonymical Clusters In the classroom; learning, studying, practicing, doing exercises and memorizing. In the community; participating, sharing, using, practicing, communicating, conversing, judging, negotiating,
implementing, self-managing, selfauditing, anticipating and collaborating . All of the latter presuppose greater learner agency except the agency neutral term practicing which is the only category common to both domains. Transitivity Process Consider the following; at the class you become more listener but when you get outside the class there are so many efforts you need to think of
when to become a listener when to become a speaker Modalization & Grammatical Consider the following; Metaphor the variety she brought in the classroom wasnt just music. Sometimes we had magazines we had to cut up some pictures it was art it wasnt just the
language it was the variety she brought in the classroom that made a big difference. What emerged in this intellectual space? Learner Agency Place-Based Hermeneutic
"I started learning English..." (classroom) "I started learning English..." (home) "I started learning English..." (football field) The Tripartite Subject (Eggins, 2004: 172) grammatical subject: the agent about whom something is predicated thematic subject: the fronted agent the actor: the performative agent of the transitivity process
Power/Knowledge Nexus The classroom, by dint of the power relations in which it is embedded, is marked by learner subject positions that are denuded of the actor role: they are defined
by lack of learner agency. Consequences of Denuded Agency? Consider this view of classroom learning; a burden I have to learn this so its on the back of your mind. Youre always
thinking I have to learn something Domains of Place & Learner Agency Cline The classroom Interim Educational Places Community Places Learner agency generally increases as the student moves further away from the classroom and the educational institution
Model of Place Domains and Learner Agency Cline Classroom Interim Places Community Primary, Secondary,
Women in postwar era culture and society. Philosophical constructions of linear vs. cyclical worldview. Competing/complimentary styles of religious architecture. Evidence of classic Western landscape influence in East Asian art
Access to journals like Walrus, National Geographic, School Library Journal, Men's Health, ... At the top of every page is a "breadcrumb" trail, which shows the user exactly how they got to that page, and how they can get back...
RESEARCH EVALUATION WORKSHOP UNITED KINGDOM OCTOBER 2010 EVALUATING INDIVIDUALS INDIRECT INFLUENCE Full range of scholarly research disciplines Adheres to a consistent selection policy Ensures that publications and citations are comparable Consistent indexing Cover-to-cover indexing All author names All author addresses...
passive net movement of water molecules . from a region of . low solute concentration . to a region of . high solute concentration, along the gradient,across a . ... along the way (eg. glycosylated, truncated, etc.) The protein is...
Informal Commands Hablar Habla s Informal Affirmative Irregular Commands venir = ven decir = di salir = sal hacer = haz tener = ten ir = ve poner = pon ser = sé (mantener= mantén) Ven di sal haz ten...
Yorkshire Universities represents 12 higher education institutions in Yorkshire: Bradford, Hull, Huddersfield, Leeds, Leeds Beckett, Leeds Trinity, Leeds College of Art, Leeds College of Music, Sheffield, Sheffield Hallam, York, and York St John. ... Innovation Centres as a hub for...