Considering the Educational Benefits of a CubeSat Program
CONSIDERING THE EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS OF A CUBESAT PROGRAM Jeremy Straub University of North Dakota Samudra Haque* George Washington University Christopher Kenji Dinelli*, MIDN US Naval Academy CubeSats & Education Facilitate problem/project-based learning, a form of experiential education Shown effective in a variety of disciplines: computer science computer engineering electrical engineering mechanical engineering aerospace engineering management marketing More details on background material can be found in Straub, J. and D. Whalen. 2013. An Assessment of Educational Benefits from the OpenOrbiter Space Program. Education Sciences, Vol. CubeSats & Education (cont.) PBL/EE has been shown to have a variety of benefits outside of learning the primary
material, including: improved student self-image creativity motivation material understanding workforce preparation job placement academic program retention knowledge retention More details on background material can be found in Straub, J., D. Whalen. 2014. Evaluation of the Educational Impact of Participation Time in a Small Spacecraft Development Program. Education CubeSats & Education (cont.) CubeSats can be involved in educational activities in several ways, including: course project PBL-style course independent or directed study senior design / project requirement More details on background material can be found in Straub, J., D. Whalen. 2014. Evaluation of the Educational Impact of Participation Time in a Small Spacecraft Development Program. Education Characterization of Benefits Before Benefits in several areas
where characterized, including: Technical skill enhancement Spacecraft design skill enhancement Excitement about space Presentation skills enhancement Presentation comfort enhancement Assessment was performed via surveys of student participants using a Likert-style scale After 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 t s ll n rt i ll ki ig en
fo s k S m e S l m D n ca ite Co t i o c f i n t n a Ex ta ch cr tio n e e e a e T t
ac ac es en Sp Sp s Pr e Pr 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 This data was presented in Straub, J. and D. Whalen. 2013. An Assessment of Educational Benefits from the OpenOrbiter Space Program. Characterization of Benefits (cont.) As students are not necessarily expected to enjoy benefit in all areas we also looked at the average level of benefit for those showing improvement We also assessed attribution of benefit to participation (using a 9-point Likert-style scale)
with 5 being neutral, 7 being agree and 9 being strongly agree 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 6.2 5.8 5.4 5 4.6 ki S al ic n ch Te l ls e ac p S st re e t In n
tio a t en s e Pr i Sk lls This data was presented in Straub, J. and D. Whalen. 2013. An Assessment of Educational Benefits from the OpenOrbiter Space Program. Characterization of Benefits (cont.) We characterized the percentage of students reporting a benefit by undergraduate versus graduate student status The level of benefit enjoyed was also characterized by student level UG 100.00% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00%
50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Im h ec T . Im SC Grad es D Ex UG e ac p S Im es Pr Sk Im P
s re Co Grad 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 h ec T . Im Im SC es D Ex e ac p S Im es Pr
Sk Im P s re Co This data was presented in Straub, J. and D. Whalen. 2013. An Assessment of Educational Benefits from the OpenOrbiter Space Program. Characterization of Benefits (cont.) We also demonstrated, for graduate students, correlation between the time involved with the program and the level of benefit attained Masters Students Technic al Skill Spacecr aft Design Level of Exciteme nt
Presentat ion Skills Presentat ion Comfort Aggregat e Improvem ent 0.85 0.84 0.35 0.63 0.37 0.89 This was particularly strong when considering students area of study Masters Computer Science Technic al Skill Spacecra ft Design Level of
Excitement Presentatio n Skills Presentation Comfort Aggregate Improvemen t 0.95 0.88 0.07 0.42 0.34 0.95 MastersOther 0.90 0.89 0.58 N/A 0.58 0.86 This data was presented in Straub, J., D. Whalen. 2014. Evaluation of the Educational Impact of Participation Time in a Small Spacecraft Development Program. Education Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 1. Characterization of Benefits (cont.)
Weaker correlation was also seen for team leads, both graduate and undergraduate The lack of strong correlation between undergraduate participation time and benefit attainment is still under study to see if it Is a quirk of the data Indicative of a plateau effect, given a certain amount of participation Due to some other non-assessed confounding factor Mission Statement The mission of BRICSat-P is to successfully integrate a four channel electric propulsion system into a 1.5U CubeSat and perform maneuvers in orbit to fully demonstrate its capability and application for future CubeSat missions. The program is fully funded and will launch in March 2015. Project Overview 8 months 7 team members All undergraduate midshipmen
No graduate program Testing and flight qualification at USNA Small Satellite Lab Anecdotal & Qualitative Observations Participation seems to have other benefits: Helping students identify areas of interest Driving career excitement Learning how to interact with those outside of their own discipline Learning professional skills / conduct Gaining presentation skills and comfort This translates into comfort in similar situations like interviews, etc. Better understanding of scientific / engineering process THANKS & ANY QUESTIONS? Jeremy: [email protected] Samudra: [email protected] Kenji: [email protected]
To counteract inversions, there have been various legislative and regulatory responses under Sections 367 and 7874. These rules attempt to stop inversions by making the tax results either prohibitive or ineffective. LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY RESPONSES
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