Confused and Misused Words and Phrases

This presentation is broughtchomp! to you by Grammar Bytes!, 2014 chomp! by Robin L. Simmons. Confused Confused and and Misused Misused Words Words and and Phrases Phrases Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. No, youre wrong. The word should be effect, with an e. Recognize Recognize the the distinctions distinctions among among related related words. words. 3 or more;

Among my friends Among Between 2 only; Between Fred and me Formal request; ask permission May I come in? May Can Information goes out when you teach Teach Learn A person receiving information learns Leave Let Idea that youre allowing someone to do something; I let her go home. Movement away from a place; Leave

your keys. Form a question, higher possibility; I can eat fast. Know Know the the difference difference aa change change to to aa single single letter letter can can make. make. Influence in a physical or emotional way Affect Effect (USUALLY verb) (USUALLY noun) City (capital of Capital (noun Capitol state or country), city) or adj.(Proper noun) money, important important) Rough Coarse (adj) Change something Not moving; still Alter (verb)

Course (adj, n, v) Altar (noun) Stationary Stationery (v, adv) (adj, n) Result of something Seat of government of U.S. Congress Path, route Religious worship; sacrifice Paper To, To, Too, Too, Two Two Use to as a preposition. Jonathan drove to the seafood shop. Use to to begin an infinitive. He hoped to buy fresh squid. Use too to show degree. The squid was too expensive to purchase. Use too as a synonym for also. So too was the fresh octopus. Use two when you mean the number. Jonathan bought two flounder filets instead. Practice

Practice with with white white boards boards Which word has an error in each sentence? 1) I pulled out my stationary to write a letter to leave at the altar at church. 2) I can walk to the Capital building all by myself if you let me. Know Know the the difference difference that that aa single single new new letter letter can can make. make. Wholly; to the full extent Before Altogether All together Already All ready Past tense of choose Chose Choose

To suffer the deprivation of Lose Loose Present tense verb Mineral (n) Important (adj) Lead (v, Led (v) adj, n) Pertains to a group collectively Completely prepared Present verb tense Free from restraint Past tense of led Know Know the the difference difference that that an an apostrophe apostrophe can can make. make. Possessive pronoun; belonging to it

Its Its Contraction for it is or it has Possessive pronoun; belonging to whom Whose Whos Contraction for who is or who has Possessive pronoun; belonging to you Your Youre Contraction for you are Possessive Possessive pronouns pronouns never never contain contain an an apostrophe. apostrophe.

Contractions Contractions do do contain contain an an apostrophe. apostrophe. Don Dontt let let these these homophones homophones [sound [sound alike alike words] words] confuse confuse you. you. Agree to or receive Accept Except Past tense of pass Passed (Verb) Absence of war Chief [person], main To toss or fling A certain place Peace

Past (n, adj, prep, adv) Time before present; movement Piece Portion (ex-pizza); join together (ex- quilt) Principal Principle Threw (Verb) Leave out Through (prep) Here Hear (Adv) (Verb) Fragile; not strong Weak (adj) Week (n) Truth or rule Indicates passage Listen by ear Time period of 7 days There, There, Their, Their, They Theyre

re Use there as an expletive, a placeholder to delay the subject. There is a turtle in the road. Use there to indicate place. Across the road is a lake. The turtle hopes to get there before a car hits him. Use their as a possessive pronoun. Most drivers dont see the turtle; their eyes are glued to their cell phones. Use theyre as a contraction for they are. Theyre also distracted by other devices, like the radio and navigation system. Practice Practice 1 1 My friends ate at Titos Taco Palace, so they theyre theyre re A hoping that their their lunch lunch stays stays down, down, for for their theirare there are are B C rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen.

At you need AtIsC, C,the you need word Is the word there, there, the the confused or confused or expletive, or expletive, or misused at A, misused at A, placeholder, placeholder, B, or B,form. or C? C? form.

A. their their B. they they re re C. there there there D. No Nochange changeisisnecessary. necessary. Practice Practice 2 2 Gregory passed passed his his chemistry chemistry final, final, so so now now he he A wont loose loosehis lose his hisscholarship. scholarship. scholarship.As

As Ashe he hewalked walked walkedpast past past B CC the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A. past past B. lose lose C. passed passed D. No Nochange changeisisnecessary. necessary. Practice Practice 3 3 Mr. Ramos hopes to except except the accept the bid bid on on the the house. house.

A He has agreed to all of the buyers conditions except retiling except retiling the the master master bathroom bathroom since sinceitit B C would be too much work. A. accept A.accept B.accept C.sense D.No change is necessary. Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confusedchomp! words. Go to chompchomp.com! chomp!

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