Compliance with Lau v. Nichols - Information Technology Services
Compliance with Lau v. Nichols Why is this an issue? What has been done? What needs to be done? Where do we go from here? THE ISSUE: US V. THEM
Language can thus emerge as an important rallying point in boundary maintenance, as a way of defining us in comparison to them. (Valdes) Numbers Increasing enrollment of limited English proficient students. (1990-95: 17 states reported ELL enrollment jumps of 10%, 7
states reported increases of more than 25%.) Retention and dropout rates for LEP students higher than for English speakers. (1992, 42% of students aged 16-24 who reported difficulty with English had dropped out of high school.) Add to the mix: accountability through testing
One size fits all testing and accountability Accreditation of schools based on number of children passing high stakes tests. Standards rising. New York English Regents Exam. Virginia SOL requirements for graduation. Hey! But they dont speak English! Cant we just let them sit and forget about them? Legal guarantees and
Lau v. Nichols (1974) Castaneda v. Pickard (1981) Programs Bilingual education
Transitional Dual language, immersion # ESL alone ESL in combination with bilingual education What needs to be done? The legislation is in place but the commitment is not there on the part of states, school districts and schools. WHY???
Economics Logistics POLITICS Political Issue
Majority v. minority language power play Misunderstanding of the goals of bilingual education Allocation of resources within schools and school districts Silent constituency Research agenda
Education Of the public Of educators Of parents of language minority students Educational practices
For changing demographics For non-literate students For U.S. born non-language dominant students Conclusion Vision = Keyword
As instructional leaders we need to have a vision of how we see the student immigrant population in our society. Research Action
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Illinois Institute of Technology PHYSICS 561 RADIATION BIOPHYSICS: Review of chapters 1-7 ANDREW HOWARD Tonight's plan I want you to prepare calmly for Thursday's midterm, so I'll clarify a couple of points that may have been left unclear.
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Potensial maksimum dari prategangan mundur sebelum masuk daerah zener disebut peak inverse voltage (PIV) atau peak reverse voltage (PRV). tegangan maksimum yang bisa ditahan sebuah dioda Pada saat dioda zener mendapatkan prategangan maju atau forward bias, jika tegangannya lebih kecil...
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