China: Traditions and Transformations - Harvard University

China: Traditions and Transformations Self-Realization in the Medieval World

October 5, 2007 The Period of Division (220-589)

The Southern Dynasties during the Period of Division (center at Jiankang modern Nanjing) Eastern Jin/Chin317-420

(Liu) Song/Sung420-475 Southern Qi/Ch'i475-502 Liang 502-557

Chen/Ch'en557-589 (north and south were unified by the Sui dynasty in 589.)

Consequences of the loss of the north for dynasties in the south The predominance of military interests The weakness of local government

The "clan" as a form of social organization The great clans The migr clans of the South

Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture 1."Learning of mystery" (xuanxue/hsuanhsueh) and "pure conversation"

(qingtan/ch'ing t'an) Philosophical justifications for noninvolvement Guo Xiang The interest in personality -- Xi Kang/Hsi

Kang and the "Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove" Fatalism and individuality

Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture 2.

Daoism The Celestial Master cult

The "mingling of qi" (energy-andmatter or material force) Elixir Daoism -- Yang Xi and the Maoshan revelations

Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

2. Daoism

The Celestial Master cult The "mingling of qi" (energy-andmatter or material force) Elixir Daoism -- Yang Xi and the Maoshan revelations

Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

3. Alchemy Inner and Outer Alchemy Theoretical foundations for alchemy

Alchemy as an intellectual pursuit Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

3. Alchemy Inner and Outer Alchemy

Theoretical foundations for alchemy Alchemy as an intellectual pursuit Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

4. Literary Art Literary genres -- occasional and

personal The premise and promise of (literary) art Why write?

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