Conjugating ER & -IR Verbs Irregular Yo Forms in Present Tense The preposition de after verbs Tag questions Chapter 4 Grammar 2 Present Tense Remember that in Spanish, there are 3 types of Infinitives AR, -ER, and IR. When you conjugate a verb in Present Tense you follow the following steps: 1. Drop the endings (AR, -ER, or IR) from the stem 2. Add the ending that matches the subject Draw the following Chart to help you remember your Present Tense Endings: -AR Verbs Yo T Usted l Ella Nosotros(as) Vosotros(as) Ustedes Ellos(as)
-ER verbs -IR Verbs Draw the following Chart to help you remember your Present Tense Endings: -AR Verbs Yo -o T -as Usted -a l -a Ella -a Nosotros(as) -amos Vosotros(as)
-is Ustedes -an Ellos(as) -an -ER verbs -IR Verbs Trabajar- to work English Spanish English I work We work You work You work You (ud.) work You (uds.) work
He works They work She works Spanish Trabajar- to work English Spanish English Spanish I work Trabajo We work Trabajamos You work Trabajas You work Trabajis
You (ud.) work Usted trabaja You (uds.) work Ustedes trabajan He works l trabaja They work Ellos trabajan She works Ella trabaja Draw the following Chart to help you remember your Present Tense Endings: -AR Verbs -ER verbs Yo -o -o
T -as -es Usted -a -e l -a -e Ella -a -e Nosotros(as) -amos -emos Vosotros(as) -is
-is Ustedes -an -en Ellos(as) -an -en -IR Verbs Comer- to eat English Spanish English I eat We eat You eat You eat You (ud.) eat
You (uds.) eat He eats They eat She eats Spanish Comer-to eat English Spanish English Spanish I eat como We eat comemos You eat comes You eat
comis You (ud.) eat Usted come You (uds.) eat Ustedes comen He eats l come They eat Ellos comen She eats Ella come Draw the following Chart to help you remember your Present Tense Endings: -AR Verbs -ER verbs -IR Verbs Yo
-o -o -o T -as -es -es Usted -a -e -e l -a -e -e Ella -a
-en -en Escribir- to write English Spanish English I write We write You write You write You (ud.) write You (uds.) write He writes They write She writes Spanish Escribir-to write English
Spanish English Spanish I write escribo We write escribimos You write escribes You write escribs You (ud.) write Usted escribe You (uds.) write Ustedes escriben He writes
l escribe They write Ellos escriben She write Ella escribe Irregular yo forms Some er & -ir verbs have irregular yo forms. The best way to remember these irregular yo forms is to memorize them! The rest of the verb is conjugated the same as regular er or ir verbs. Irregular yo forms Infinitive Yo form Hacer To do/To make Hago I do/I make
Poner To put Pongo I put Traer To bring Traigo I bring Saber To know (information) S I know (information) Salir To go out Salgo I go out
Ver To see Veo I see Hacer- to do/make English Spanish English I make We make You make You make You (ud.) make You (uds.) make He makes They make She makes
Spanish Hacer-to do/to make English Spanish English Spanish I make hago We make hacemos You make haces You make hacis You (ud.) make Usted hace You (uds.) make
Ustedes hacen He makes l hace They make Ellos hacen She makes Ella hace The preposition de The preposition de is used after the verb salir to talk about leaving a place. Salgo de mi casa a las siete I leave my house at seven. The preposition de is also used after the verb saber to say how much someone knows about something. No s mucho de arte. I dont know much about art. Tag questions
A tag question is attached to the end of a sentence to make it a question. If you expect someone to answer yes, use no? or verdad? When the expected answer is no, use verdad? Tag questions Ejemplos: Vienes a la fiesta, no? (verdad?) Youre coming to the party, arent you? Si, voy a ir. Yes, Im going to go. No vas al partido, verdad?
Youre not going to the game, right? No, no voy. No, Im not going. Exit Slip Conjugate the verbs Traer- to bring Abrir- to open BE SURE TO INCLUDE WHAT THEY MEAN IN ENGLISH!!!!
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