SOURCES OF WISDOM HINDUISM KS4 What wisdom can we find in the Hindu scriptures? O Divine mother/father, our hearts are filled with darkness. Please make this darkness distant from us and promote illumination within us. (Gayatri mantra from the Rig Veda written about 3,000 years ago) Does age give wisdom? Two sources of wisdom in Hindu
scriptures Shruti = heard Vedas Upanishads Smriti = remembered Mahabharata Ramayana Puranas Dharmashastra Shruti are heard by rishis or holy men and passed down over thousands of years. They are the oldest scriptures
containing hymns and prayers used daily. Smriti are remembered by gurus and contain much loved stories and poems known by most Hindus. How are Shruti and Smriti different? Shruti (heard) Smriti (remembered) Eternal Unchanging Divine instructions Authorless
Direct experience Divinely inspired Static c. 3,000 years old Temporary Can be modified Divine dialogues Authored Edited writings Human thoughts Dynamic c. 2,500 years old
How Shruti is handed down today Repeating Chanting Study Learning Memorising Meditating
Hindu priests can recite Sanskrit mantras from many Shruti texts Memorise and Recite O Divine mother/father, our hearts are filled with darkness. Please make this darkness distant from us and promote illumination within us. The Laws of Manu (Smriti) In childhood a female must be subject to her father, in youth to
her husband, when her lord is dead to her sons; a woman must never be independent. She must not seek to separate herself from her father, husband, or sons; by leaving them she would make both (her own and her husband's) families contemptible. She must always be cheerful, clever in (the management of her) household affairs, careful in cleaning her utensils, and economical in expenditure. Manusmriti 5: 148-150 What counts as wisdom? 1. Teachings that have remained unchanged for
thousands of years. 2. Teachings that are relevant and valued today. 3. Teachings you can live your life by because they inspire you. 4. Teachings you refer to daily. 5. Teachings that can be passed on through the generations.
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