Aim: How did the United States prepare for World War 2?
Aim: How did the United States prepare for World War 2? Objective Student will be able to discuss the effects of WW2 on the home front. 6. The Home Front The
effects of World War 2 were felt on the home front. World War 2 was even bigger than World War 1. The difference between World War II and World War I is that with World War II is fought on many fronts, so the US had to prepare much-needed supplies for their
troops as well as the Allied troops. 6.1 Mobilizing for War After Pearl Harbor, the government began mobilizing for war. Thousands of young men had been drafted under the Selective Service Act of
1940. In November 1942, the law was changed o that men between the ages of 18 and 45 could be drafted. Question 1 What event started the United States
Government mobilizing for war? More than 16,000,000 Americans took part WW2. About 11,000,000 men served in the army, some 4,000,000 in the navy, around 600,000 men in the marines and 241,000 in the Coast Guard.
Women served in non-combatant jobs such as making maps, operating radios, driving ambulances or worked in hospitals. A few women actually served as airplane pilots. American Soldiers in World War 2 The US Armed Forces used posters such as these to encourage both men and women to join the US Armed Forces during World War 2.
6.2 War Production Once the United States was in World War 2, the government began to turn its attention to war production. In January 1942, the War Production Board (WPB) was set up. Headed by
Donald M. Nelson, the WPB decided which materials needed to be produced and made sure that industries received the supplies they needed. The WPB Logo and Donald Nelson The job of the War Productions Board was to decide which materials would be produced and to make sure that industries received the goods they needed.
The huge amount of goods and war materials made by American industry during WW2 gave the Allies an edge over the Axis nations. In the years after the US entered World War 2, our industry was making more
products than all three Axis Powers combined. All of our products went directly to the Allied nations in WW2. In every industry, production jumped. Airplanes: 6,000 (1939) 96,000 (1944) Ships (Total Tonnage-Weight): 390,000 tons
(1939) 10,000,000 tons (1943). New industries such as rubber, nylon and plastics also grew rapidly. The demand for production during the war ended the Great Depression in the United States. There were enough jobs and there were enough jobs to go around. Women also began working during WW2.
Question 2 How much did production increase during the war? Rosie The Riveter During World War 2, women were able to Go into the workplace just as they did in
World War 1. This is an image of Rosie the Riveter. This image was used to help women feel empowered that they could help in the World War 2 effort. Women In WW2 6.3 The Economy
Once the United States was in the war, the government took steps to order the economy. This was done in order to organize the home front and speed production of war materials. The government used price controls and
rationing to help the American economy during WW2. In 1942, the Emergency Price Control Act was passed. Soon after, the Office of Price Administration was formed. The OPA set prices on all goods except
agricultural goods. The OPA also controlled the rents on areas where there were defense plants. In addition, the OPA also began rationing the amount of goods people could buy during the war. Some goods rationed included sugar, coffee, butter, gasoline and processed foods.
Rationing During WW2 The Office of Price Administration encouraged people to ration goods so that the United States would be able to win WW2. Ration Books Another
thing the United States needed to fight WW2 was money. WW2 would cost the United States a great deal of money-over $300 billion dollars. In order to get the money, the government had to raise taxes by about 40%. Citizens and businesses had to pay higher taxes. The government also sponsored the selling of
war bonds, like they did during WW1. Question 3 What were the functions of the OPA? Question 4 How
much did WW2 cost the United States? Raising Money for WW2 6.4 Problems For JapaneseAmericans The
success of the Axis Powers during WW2 led to problems for JapaneseAmericans. As a result, many native-born Americans came to fear and hate people from all the Axis nations who were living in the United States. The group that was the most affected were Japanese-Americans.
Question 5 What Americans were hurt most by intolerance during WW2? More than 100,000 Japanese-Americans lived
on the west coast of the United States. Many people, primarily public officials, were afraid that the Japanese-Americans in their cities and towns would help Japan if Japan attacked the United States. People began to demand that people of Japanese backgrounds be moved away from the coast, where a Japanese invasion could be staged.
In 1942, FDR ordered the military to move about 110,000 people of Japanese ancestry from their homes to relocation centers in California, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming and other states. These people had to sell their homes and give up their belongings, often at a loss.
Unfortunately, most of the people relocated were Japanese-Americans who were actual American citizens. No actions were taken against German or Italian Americans. Japanese Relocation Camps In 1942, President Roosevelt passed laws
regulating the rights and privileges of JapaneseAmericans. These are images of Japanese-Americans who are about to relocate to relocation camps in the Western United States. Japanese Relocation Camps
Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps located in the Western United States. The sad truth was that these people had to live under such horrible conditions and sadly, the people in these images are
American citizens. In the case of Korematsu v.United States (1944), the United States Supreme Court held that the relocation camps established by FDR were constitutional under the War Powers Act of the President.
However, the Supreme Court later ruled that a person whose loyalty had been proved could not be held. Korematsu v. the United States Question 6 What
did the United States Supreme Court rule in Korematsu v. the United States? During the war, more than 17,000 Japanese-Americans fought for the United States. Japanese-Americans formed the 442nd
Regimental Combat Team. Japanese Americans in WW2 Question 7 Which US Army combat force was the most decorated?
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